Types of Iron Supplements

  • Iron is critical for motor and cognitive development. Children and pregnant women are especially vulnerable to the consequences of iron deficiency.
  • Iron is a leading cause of anemia which is defined as low hemoglobin concentration. Anemia affects 43% of children younger than five years of age and 38% of pregnant women globally.
  • Anemia during pregnancy increases the risk of death for the mother and low birth weight for the infant. Worldwide, maternal and neonatal deaths total between 2.5 million and 3.4 million each year.
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends iron and folic acid supplements for reducing anemia and improving iron status among women of reproductive age.
  • Carbonyl has 98–100% elemental iron
  • Ferrous fumarate has approximately 33% elemental iron
  • Ferrous sulfate has 20% elemental iron
  • Ferrous gluconate has 12% elemental iron

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