Does Birth Control Affect AMH Levels and Fertility?

Dr Gleaton breaks down what AMH is, and if hormonal birth control could be affecting your AMH level or ability to conceive.

By OBGYN and fertility expert Dr. Kenosha Gleaton

If you’re actively trying to conceive or if you’re just looking ahead, you may be wondering what all you should be doing to prepare. If you’ve done any research on fertility testing and treatments, you might have seen anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) mentioned. AMH can give you some insight into your fertility, but should be interpreted with caution. Your AMH level might even be skewed if you’re taking hormonal birth control pills. Let’s break down the basics.

What is AMH?

AMH is a hormone expressed by granulosa cells of the ovary during a woman’s reproductive years. A gradual increase in AMH levels is observed in girls from the first day of life, with maximum levels observed in women at around the age of 25. In adult women, AMH levels gradually decline as the primordial follicle pool declines with age, becoming undetectable at menopause.

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